|Carmichael and McCormick
Scotland, North Carolina,
South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi
Excerpts from "The Scottish Highlander Carmichaels of the Carolinas" by Maj.-Gen. Roderick Carmichael, 1935
Carmichaels of Lismore:
It appears that the Carmichael Highlanders are descended from a Carmichael sept of the Galloway Stewart clan, who joined the McDougald clan some time prior to 1388 (the year of the death of the last McDougald Lord of Lorne). The Carmichael Highlanders appear to have always lived on the island of Lismore, a part of Appin, which is 10 1/2 miles long by 1 to 2 miles wide and lies in Loch Linnhe near the Appin shore. Its name comes from "leis,' a garden, and "mor," meaning great, probably because of the fertility of the soil. It was used from about the 5th century as a monastery and religious center by the Roman Catholic church. Lismore was the seat of the Bishops of the Isles for several centuries and later was the seat of the Bishops of Argylle.
Culloden-Appin Stewart Families:
The Union of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain was effected in 1707, by which Scotland lost its separate Parliament and government. The Highlanders were much opposed to this and supported efforts of the exiled male line of the royal Stuart family in "Risings" or rebellions in 1715 and in 1745, both of which were unsuccessful. We find mention of the Carmichaels in both of these conflicts in which they participated as members of the Appin Stewart Clan. This Clan furnished a regiment numbering about 400 men to the army of Prince Charles Stuart in 1745, about 360 of which were in the battle of Culloden in 1746, where the Scottish army was terribly defeated. The Appin regiment had 92 of its 360 members killed at Culloden, among them 7 Carmichaels. The names of those of the regiment killed are recorded on a tablet placed on the ruins of the Appin Church, and the families represented are as follows: Stewart, Carmichael, Colquhoun (Calhoun), Combich, Livingstone, Livingston, McCombich, McKinlay, MacLae, Maclay, Maclea, Macleay, Macmichael, blood septs (members of the clan famil); and MacLaurin, McCall, MacCormack, MacInnis, MacIntyre and Buchanan, members of other clans but adherent septs or followers of the Chief of the Appin Stewart Clan. Of these, the Carmichaels, MacCalls, MacLaurins, MacIntyres and Livingstons appear to have lived on Lismore Island. Among the more noted natives of Lismore are Dr. David Livington, the African explorer, and Rev. Dr. John (Ian) MacLaurin, preacher and author, both members of the families mentioned above. It is interesting to note that most of the names on the Appin regiment death roll are found in each of the two localites where the Appin immigrants settled; in Richmond County, NC and in Upper Marion and Marlboro Counties, SC, which indicates that this group of immigrants included members of substantially all the families of the clan and that they kept well together in their new homes in America. [Maj.-Gen. Carmichael had no way of knowing that this was, also, true of the Scotch Settlement of Union Church in Jefferson County, MS. Almost all of these names are represented in the church rolls, census records and cemeteries of Jefferson County, demonstrating that they migrated and stayed together well into the 2nd and 3rd generation in America. NB]
Carmichaels in 1790 North Carolina Census, Richmond County
Archibald, 1 2 5 0 0
Daniel, 2 0 3 0 0
Daniel, 1 5 5 0 0
Dugal, 1 0 3 0 0
Hugh, 1 2 1 0 1
Col. 1, free white males over 16
Col. 2, free white males under 16
Col. 3, free white females
Col. 4, all other free persons
Col. 5, slaves
Carmichaels in 1800 North Carolina Census Index, Richmond County
1792 Richmond County, NC Taxables
1799 Richmond County signatures of Scottish immigrants on a petition
9/6/1799; at the home of Capt. Alexander Fairley:
Daniel McNair, Donald McKinnon, Edward McNair, Gilbert McNair, Archibald Fairly, Peter McRae,
Hector McMillan, Peter McRae, John Matthews, Jr., John Carmichael, Donald McCall, John McCall,
Alexander Fairlie, Alex. McMillan, Archibald Lucas, Colin (x) McArthur, John McIntyre, Kenneth
McKenzie, Duncan McLaurin, John Lucas, Duncan McIntyre, Peter Fairly, George Graham.
Carmichaels buried in Stewartsville Cemetery, Richmond County, NC
Alphonso, d. 1/5/1904, son of Daniel & Maggie
Ann E., 4/19/1836 - 12/8/1923, wife of J. J. Huckabee
Archibald, d. 6/29/1864, aged 38 years, 4 months
Christian, d. 4/18/1893, aged 63 years, 7 months
Daniel, d. 1/5/1822, aged 85 years, 9 months
Daniel, d. 6/10/1892, aged 69 years, 6 months
Duncan W., d. 4/12/1893, aged 19 years, 8 months
Duncan, d. 2/24/1874, aged 56 years, 5 months
Hugh, d. 12/7/1803, aged 71 years
John Albert, 9/29/1890 - 5/17/1892, son of J. W. & V. N. (or H.?) Carmichael
John, 1/12/1755 - 10/17/1837
John, d. 9/1/1865, aged 75 years, 6 months
John, d. 10/8/1892, aged 72 years
Kate, d. 12/26/1867, wife of John Carmichael
Kate, d. 1/7/1880, aged 64 years
Malcom A., 7/28/1865 - 9/28/1915
Margaret, d. 4/19/1896, aged 80 years, 10 months
Margaret, d. 6/13/1816, aged 78 years, wife of Hugh Carmichael
Mary, d. 2/5/1878, wife of Duncan Carmichael
Mary, d. 5/18/1906, aged 71 years
Mary, d. 9/15/1859, wife of Rev. James Sinclair
Nancy, 9/2/1765 - 8/4/1838, wife of John Carmichael, daughter of John McKeithen
Peter, d. 10/1/1820, aged 6 months
Sarah, d. 9/23/1840, aged 88 years
Carmichaels in 1850 Autauga County, AL Federal Census:
Daniel, 48, M, Mason, b. SC [My 3-g-grandparents.]
Nancy, 48, F, b. NC
Catherine, 19, F, b. SC
Nancy, 16, F, b. SC
Rebecca, 14, F, b. SC
Flora, 10, F, b. AL [My 2-g-grandmother.]
EJC, 18, M, Mason, b. SC [Evander]
John B., 7, M, b. AL [middle name-Brown]
Daniel W., 5, M, b. AL [middle name probably-Washington]
Mary, 65, F, b. NC, checked under 'persons over 20 who cannot read or write' [Daniel's widowed mother]
Margaret, 20, F, b. SC
Sarah, 22, F, b. SC
Carmichaels in 1860 Jefferson County, MS Federal Census:
Daniel, 58, Farmer [My 3-g-grandparents.]
Evander, 28, Farmer
John Brown, 17
Jefferson County, MS Carmichael Marriages:
Catharine m. Archibald McINTYRE; 12/2/1856
Flora m. Josiah GARRETT; 1/17/1867
Copiah County, MS Carmichael Marriages:
J. B. m. Mary L. PARKER; 3/19/1872
1799 Depostions, Regarding NC Senate Election:
Duncan McFarland contested the state Senate election, maintaining that it was fraudulent. Depositions were taken from voters who swore they had voted for him. The opposing party questioned some to see if they were qualified to vote and to determine if they could read English, and how long they had lived in the country. An occasional sharp retort suggests the the Scotsmen were not meek or submissive.
Being asked if they were summoned by a lawful officer:
Answer: Yes, by Duncan Currie but they would freely have come of their own accord.
Asked whether they could read or not:
Answer: Three of them could and threem more could not; to wit: Daniel Douglas, Hugh McInnis; Hugh
Thompson. Alexander Smith being asked whether he can read, answered, yes; write, no. Mr.
McCaskel says he cannot read or write English, only Gaelic.
Question: Can they read or write?
Answer: Mr. McRae says that you didn't teach him. Then says, no. Got tickets from McFarland. Major
Carmichael can read and write English. Duncan Carmichael cannot but he got his ticket from
McFarland's ready friend, Allen Stewart.
Question: Were they summoned to come here or not--No.
Question: Were they called to appear at Dugal McFarland's house?
Answer: They were, but they would come or go to the utmost part of the state to defend the rights of
Question of Charles Colquhoun whether he was summonsed to appear here today.
Answer: That he was but he would go to the utmost corner of the state to have justice, not only to
himself, but to the rest of the freemen of Richmond County.
Question: (to Mr. Gordon) Whether he can read or write.
Answer: It is not your business to ask such a question.
Question: When you handed the sheriff your ticket, do you know whether the senate ticket went into
the senate or commons box?
Answer: The first six says no.
Question: What principle you voted for Mr. McFarland whether it was for esteem or fear?
Answer: Because we thought him the properest man of any that offered in the Senate to represent the
county--that is the answer of every person.
Question: How long since they came to this country?
Answer: 8 or 9 years.
Question: Have they taken the oath of naturalization?
Answer: They say go and look at the record. Duncan McCormick says that he has paid taxes these 8
years and part of the rest say the same, and likewise say that the head of every family paid six
shilling sterling to a Justice of the Peace in Wilmington and got a certificate.
Question to Hugh McKinnon: How long have you been in the country?
Answer: It is nothing to the business I was called for. I have been here 9 years and paid taxes 8 years.
Question: Have you been qualified to the constitution?
Answer: It never was proposed to me.
Question to Rory McSwine: How long have you been in the country?
Answer: Nine years.
Question: Are you qualified to the Constitution?
Answer: It was never proposed to him, but I came to the country on purpose to be true to it.
Richmond County, NC, Superior Court of Law and Equity, Oath of Naturalization:
1814 Court adjourned after naturalizing the following aliens who migrated into the United States previous to the 29th January, 1795, to wit:
All of whom came into Court of Law and Equity opened and held for the County of Richmond on the 3rd Monday of March, 1814 and 38th year of American Independence. Present: Samuel Lowry, Esq., Judge of said Court.
1812 List of Richmond County, NC Taxables:
1825 List of voters, Congressional Election, Stewartsville [now Laurinburg]:
Duncan McCormick, Sr.
McCormicks buried in Stewartsville Cemetery, Richmond County, NC:
Anna, d. 2/1870, wife of Duncan McCormick, daughter of ___ McN___
Archie L., 7/20/1892 - 12/2/1920
Armenta, 5/27/1826 - 5/25/1890, wife of John McCormick
Barbara, d. 9/22/1819, daughter of John McCormick
Catherine, d. 9/30/1830, wife of Duncan McCormick, my 3-g-grandmother
Christian, d. 10/18/1812, aged 13 years, Duncan and Catherine's son
Donald, d. 10/11/1829, aged 20
Duncan C., d. 11/1874, aged 74
Duncan, d. 6/18/1845, aged 87 years, my 3-g-grandfather
Duncan, d. 10/11/1929, aged 20
Hattie P., 3/29/1903 - 1/26/1923
James W., 1856 - 4/12/1878
Jane, d. 11/24/1932, aged 60
John, d. 9/19/1831
John, d. d. 9/25/1831, aged 22
Mary, d. 1/14/1828, daughter of John McCormack
Murdock Murphey, d. 11/1/1831, aged 13 months
Samuel, 1/20/1920 - 9/21/1921, son of S. O. & Ada McCormick
Article about John C. McCormick's home in Union Church, MS, from MS Archives and History
"Old Homes in Jefferson County, MS by Helen C. Harper, 1939"
[John McCormick was the son of Duncan and Katherine Carmichael McCormick of Appin, Argylle, Scotland and Laurinburg, North Carolina, brother of my 2-g-grandmother, Nancy McCormick Carmichael.]
"An old log house, built in 1836, of pine logs in its vicinity, is still occupied by the descendants of John C. McCormick, the builder. This old home is most interesting, for no remodeling has been done in the 103 years, with the exception of a tin roof to replace the original one of shingles. The wide open hall runs through the length of the house and is a joy on hot summer days. A wide front porch with overhanging eaves faces the south, and a beautiful woodland scene meets the eye from all directions. Situated in a beech grove, with oaks, magnolias and pines interspersed, the natural, rustic beauty of the much lived in old home is perfect for those who love such locations. About one half mile back from the public road, Perth to Union Church, the house is indeed secluded and peaceful.
John C. McCormick came to the Scotch settlement of Union Church from Laurinburg, North Carolina, in 1832. Of sturdy Scotch ancestry, he became the father of twelve children. His first marriage was before coming to Mississippi. As if seven boys of his own were not enough, he reared two others and many were the pranks they played upon him. His second marriage was to Miss Sarah McDougal."
With thanks to my cousin, Charles Dawkins, for sharing this with me.
Jefferson County, MS McCormick Marriages:
Catherine Ann m. John D. GALBREATH; 10/25/1855
Daniel W. m. Martha V. KNAPP; 1/13/1864
Hugh Joseph m. Fannie GARRETT; 1/29/1897
Iona m. Addis C. BECK; 5/3/1893
John C. m. Sarah McDOUGALL; 1/15/1867
Lula m. Charles OVERSCHMIDT; 1/11/1896
Neill m. Lavina COLEMAN; 5/3/1852
Neill L. m. Catharine PATTERSON; 8/4/1857
Neill S. m. Effie Ann BUIE; 11/11/1863
R. F. m. Sadie GALBREATH; 1/19/1897
Lincoln County, MS McCormick Marriages:
Eugene m. Margaret FLOOD; 10/11/1899
James G. m. Anna EASTERLING; 12/21/1898
Willie Lowe m. Willie WHITTINGTON; 2/18/1907
Eddie m. Carlie McGUFFEY; 12/20/1913
Hollis m. Modena BRUMFIELD; 12/20/1913
Mack m. Fannie DENNETT; 4/26/`1906
My G-Grandfather's Attic-Home