MY MAYFLOWER ANCESTOR:  EDWARD DOTY
Signing Mayflower Compact
The first duel in New England

My 8-g-grandfather, Edward Doty, had the distinction of being a participant in the first duel ever
fought in America.  Edward fought a duel in single combat, with sword and dagger, against  Edward
Lister.  Both men were wounded, one in the hand, the other in the thigh.  Their punishment for this
undignified behavior:  the two men were sentenced to be tied together for twenty-four hours, without
food or drink.  But after an hour, "because of their great pains" they were released by Governor
Bradford.  And so it was that Edward, also, had the honor of being the recipient of the first pardon
ever issued by the hand of a governor in America.
This wouldn't be Edward's last run-in with lawful authority.  When I'd finished reading about some of
his encounters with the courts of New England, I wrote to a friend,   "Wouldn't you know it?  There was
only one troublemaker on the
Mayflower, and he was my ancestor."  She wrote back, "I'm not a bit
surprised."

                                                                      ~   ~   ~

Edward Doty came to America on the
Mayflower as a servant (some sources say "apprentice") of
Stephen Hopkins.  His parents and birth date are not known.  However, we know that he was at least
20 on November 11, 1620, when he signed the Mayflower Compact.  In August, 1643, his name
appeared on the list of men, ages 16-60, able to bear arms, so he wasn't born before 1583.  Most
sources believe he was a young man at the time of the voyage to America, probably born not long
before 1599.  The passenger lists indicates he was "of London" but it's not known if this was his place
of birth.  Stephen Hopkins is believed to have married his second wife at Whitechapel, London.  It's
likely, therefore, that Edward Doty was born in the vicinity of London.
The
Mayflower arrived at Cape Cod, November 11, 1620, and they first sought to find a suitable landing
place.  The shallop they'd brought along for exploration being out of service, a few of the more hardy
men volunteered to make an inland journey.  In all, sixteen went ashore and they were the first
Englishmen ever to journey inland in New England.  Edward Doty was in this party.  They were gone
several days and, by the time they returned to the ship, the shallop had been repaired.  On December
6th, ten men set out to explore by water and Edward Doty was, also, in that number.  It was on
December 11th that they moored at Plymouth Rock.
Edward Doty was married twice, but nothing is known of his first wife.  Since servants/apprentices
were rarely married, it's assumed that his first marriage occurred after his arrival in America.  Gov.
William Bradford wrote in 1651:  "But Edward Doty, by a second wife, hath 7 children and both he and
they are living."
Over the years, Edward frequently appeared in court as a plaintiff or defendant.  Most of the lawsuits
were civil disputes, but some were complaints against him for trespassing, fighting or breaking the
peace.  He was said to have had something of a temper and was quick to stand up for himself against
any perceived wrongs.
But, in 1624, Edward received his share of land allotment and, in 1627, in an allotment given to "heads
of families and young men of prudence" Edward was, also, given a share, even though he was
unmarried, which shows him to have gained the confidence of the governor.  The inventory of his
estate at the time of his death was listed as a net value of over 130 pounds.  This was substantial for
the time and showed that the one-time servant had achieved a greater-than-average level of
prosperity during his lifetime.
Edward may have been a little cantankerous, but he lived to see a large family grown and, through
perseverance and hard work, he prospered in this new land in an environment that was almost always
difficult and many times brutal.  And, since it could be said that his strength of body, will and spirit are
probably responsible for the fact that he survived that first winter, those are, also, the reasons I'm
here to talk about it.  You won't catch me casting any aspersions in his direction.  Matter of  fact, I've
taken a liking to my 8th g-grandfather.  And I hope it can be said that a little - just a little - of his
fighting spirit has made its way down to me.   -- Nancy

                                        
                _____________________

My Doty Line:
Thurston CLARKE:  b. 1574, Ipswich, Suffolk, England; d. 10 December 1661, Duxbury, Plymouth Co.,
  MA;  m. Faith LOCS:  b. Ipswich, Suffolk, England; d. 1 June 1663, Duxbury, Plymouth Co., MA; child:
  Faith Clarke
Edward Doty:  b. bet. 1597-1602, probably London, England; d. 23 August 1655, Duxbury, Plymouth
  Co., MA; m. Faith Clarke:  b. 1619, Ipswich, Suffolk, England; d. 21 December, 1675, Marshfield,
  Plymouth Co., MA; children:
             Samuel Doty
              Edward Doty
              John Doty
              Thomas Doty
              Desire Doty
              Isaac Doty
              Mary Doty
              Joseph Doty
Samuel Doty: b. bet. 1643-1644, Plymouth, Plymouth Co., MA; d. September 1715, Piscataway, Union
  Co., NJ; m. Jane Harmon:  b. abt. 1661, Saco, York Co., Maine; children:
              Samuel Doty
              Sarah Doty
              Isaac Doty
              Edward Doty
             James Doty
              Jonathan Doty
              Benjamin Doty
              Elizabeth Doty
              Joseph Doty
              Daniel Doty
              Margaret Doty
              Nathaniel Doty
James Doty:  b. 17 September 1686, Piscataway, Union Co.; New Jersey; d. bef. 1745, New Providence,
  New Jersey; m. Phebe Slater;  b. 28 July 1693, Piscataway, Union Co., New Jersey; children:
              Mary Doughty
              Elizabeth Doughty
              Esther Doughty
              Edward Doughty
              James Doughty
              Benjamin Doughty
              Benajah Doughty
Benajah Doty:  b. abt. 1723, Piscataway, Union Co., New Jersey; d. bet. 22 October-15 November 1780,
  Onslow County, North Carolina; m. Elizabeth FARR:  b. abt. 1725, Burke Co., Georgia; children:
              Faber Doughty
              Esther Doughty
              Nancy Doughty
      m. (2nd) Elizabeth CHATWIN; children:
               Lemuel
               Benajah
               James
Nancy Doughty Warren: b. 15 May 1753, probably New Jersey; d. 1809, Laurens County, Georgia,
        buried: Poplar Springs Cemetery; m. Josiah WARREN, see
Warren Family Page for details of
        Nancy Warren's family.   See
Josiah and Nancy's marriage bond.
Benajah Warren: b. 25 October 1782, Montgomery County, Georgia; d. 4 January 1835, Jefferson
  County, Mississippi; buried: Warren Cemetery; m. Ferriba Stringer in Montgomery County, GA:
  b. 7 May, 1791, Montgomery County, Georgia; d. 16 August 1866, Jefferson County, Mississippi;
  buried: Warren Cemetery;  (see
Warren Family Page and Garrett Family Page for details on
  Benajah's family and descendants.)  
Abba Ann Warren Garrett, my g-g-grandmother
Josiah Garrett, my g-grandfather
Edgar Garrett, my grandfather
Nancy Florelle Garrett Jackson, my mother
Nancy Lee Jackson Brister (me)

                                                 _________________


                                 Other pages related to Edward Doty and Plymouth Colony:

                                                              Pilgrims and Strangers

                                                                      Paying Tribute
  
                                                              
Pilgrim Ancestral Homes

                                               Pilgrim Town:  Marshfield, Massachusetts

                                                          Old Winslow Burying Ground

                          Illustrations from "The Romantic Story of the Pilgrims" - Published 1911

                                                   The Mayflower and Plimoth Plantation

                                                                 Early American Homes

                                                          Miscellaneous Doty Records

                                                              _________________

                                                     My G-Grandfather's Attic - Home

                                                                            Whispers

                                                                      Old New Orleans