MY MAYFLOWER ANCESTOR:  EDWARD DOTY
"The Mayflower Departing Delftshaven" by Charles Lucy
The first duel in New England

My 8-g-grandfather, Edward Doty, had the distinction of being a participant in the first duel ever
fought in America.  Edward fought a duel in single combat, with sword and dagger, against  Edward
Lister.  Both men were wounded, one in the hand, the other in the thigh.  Their punishment for this
undignified behavior:  the two men were sentenced to be tied together for twenty-four hours, without
food or drink.  But after an hour, "because of their great pains" they were released by the Governor
Bradford.  And so it was that Edward, also, had the honor of being the recipient of the first pardon
ever issued by the hand of a governor in America.
 This wouldn't be Edward's last run-in with lawful authority.  When I'd finished reading about some of
his encounters with the courts of New England, I wrote to a friend,   "Wouldn't you know it?  There was
only
one troublemaker on The Mayflower, and he was my ancestor."  She wrote back, "I'm not a bit
surprised.

                                                                             ~   ~   ~

 Edward Doty came to America on
The Mayflower as a servant (some sources say "apprentice") of
Stephen Hopkins.  His parents and birth date are not known.  However, we know that he was at least
20 on November 11, 1620, when he signed the Mayflower Compact.  In August, 1643, his name
appeared on the list of men, ages 16-60, able to bear arms, so he wasn't born before 1583.  Most
sources believe he was a young man at the time of the voyage to America, probably born not long
before 1599.  The passenger lists indicates he was "of London" but it's not known if this was his place
of birth.  Stephen Hopkins is believed to have married his second wife at Whitechapel, London.  It's
likely, therefore, that Edward Doty was born in the vicinity of London.
 
The Mayflower arrived at Cape Cod, November 11, 1620, and they first sought to find a suitable
landing place.  The shallop they'd brought along for exploration being out of service, a few of the
more hardy men volunteered to make an inland journey.  In all, sixteen went ashore and they were the
first Englishmen ever to journey inland in New England.  Edward Doty was in this party.  They were
gone several days and, by the time they returned to the ship, the shallop had been repaired.  On
December 6th, ten men set out to explore by water and Edward Doty was, also, in that number.  It was
on December 11th that they moored at Plymouth Rock.
 Edward Doty was married twice, but nothing is known of his first wife.  Since servants/apprentices
were rarely married, it's assumed that his first marriage occurred after his arrival in America.  Gov.
William Bradford wrote in 1651:  "But Edward Doty, by a second wife, hath 7 children and both he and
they are living."
 Over the years, Edward frequently appeared in court as a plaintiff or defendant.  Most of the lawsuits
were civil disputes, but some were complaints against him for trespassing, assault and battery and
breaking the peace.  He was said to have had something of a temper and was quick to stand up for
himself against any perceived wrongs.
 But, in 1624, Edward received his share of land allotment and, in 1627, in an allotment given to
"heads of families and young men of prudence" Edward was, also, given a share, even though he was
unmarried, which shows him to have gained the confidence of the governor.  The inventory of his
estate at the time of his death was listed as a net value of over 130 pounds.  This was substantial for
the time and showed that the one-time servant had achieved a greater-than-average level of
prosperity during his lifetime.
 Edward Doty's descendants have been documented and detailed in many books, most notably,
"Mayflower Families through Five Generations, Volume 11, Parts 1 & 2."  There are, also, many
websites dealing with the Pilgrims and their descendants.
                                               
                _____________________

My Doty Line:
 
Thurston CLARKE: b. 1574, Ipswich, Suffolk, England; d. 10 December 1661, Duxbury, Plymouth Co., MA; m.
       
Faith LOCS:  b. Ipswich, Suffolk, England; d. 1 June 1663, Duxbury, Plymouth Co., MA; child:  Faith Clarke
 Edward Doty: Birth: Bet. 1597-1602, probably Suffolk, England; d. 23 August 1655, Plymouth, Plymouth Co.,
           MA; m. Faith Clarke: b. bet. 1618-1619, (On ship
Franci, Ma) Ipswich, Suffolk, England; d. 21 December
           1675, Marshfield, Plymouth Co., MA; Edward's children:
                
    Samuel Doty
                     Edward Doty
                     John Doty
                     Thomas Doty
                     Desire Doty
                     Isaac Doty
                     Mary Doty
                     Joseph Doty
 Samuel Doty: b. bet. 1643-1644, Plymouth, Plymouth Co., MA; d. September 1715, Piscataway, Union Co., NJ;
           m. Jane Harmon:  b. abt. 1661, Saco, York Co., Maine; children:
                     Samuel Doty
                     Sarah Doty
                     Isaac Doty
                     Edward Doty
                    
James Doty
                     Jonathan Doty
                     Benjamin Doty
                     Elizabeth Doty
                     Joseph Doty
                     Daniel Doty
                     Margaret Doty
                     Nathaniel Doty
 James Doty:  b. 17 September 1686, Piscataway, Union Co.; New Jersey; d. bef. 1745, New Providence, New
            Jersey; m.
Phebe Slater;  b. 28 July 1693, Piscataway, Union Co., New Jersey; children:
                     Mary Doughty
                     Elizabeth Doughty
                     Esther Doughty
                     Edward Doughty
                     James Doughty
                     Benjamin Doughty
                    
Benajah Doughty
 Benajah Doty:  b. abt. 1723, Piscataway, Union Co., New Jersey; d. bet. 22 October-15 November 1780,
             Onslow County, North Carolina; m.
Elizabeth FARR:  b. abt. 1725, Burke Co., Georgia; children:
                     Faber Doughty
                     Esther Doughty
                     
Nancy Doughty
             m. (2nd) Elizabeth CHATWIN; children:
                      Lemuel
                      Benajah
                      James
 Nancy Doughty Warren: b. 15 May 1753, probably New Jersey; d. 1809, Laurens County, Georgia,
               buried: Poplar Springs Cemetery; m.
Josiah WARREN, see Warren Family Page for details of
               Nancy's family.   See
Josiah and Nancy's marriage bond.
 Benajah Warren: b. 25 October 1782, Montgomery County, Georgia; d. 4 January 1835, Jefferson County,
               Mississippi; buried: Warren Cemetery; m. Ferriba Stringer in Montgomery County, GA:  b. 7 May
               1791, Montgomery County, Georgia; d. 16 August 1866, Jefferson County, Mississippi; buried: Warren
               Cemetery;  (see
Warren Family Page and Garrett Family Page for details on Benajah's family and
                descendants.)  
   Abba Ann Warren Garrett, my g-g-grandmother
     Josiah Garrett, my g-grandfather
       Edgar Garrett, my grandfather
           Nancy Florelle Garrett Jackson, my mother
                Nancy Lee Jackson Brister (me!)
                    James Michael Brister, Jr., my son
                         Sarah Elizabeth Brister, my granddaughter
                                                        _________________

Edward may have been a little cantankerous, but he lived to see a large family grown and, through
perseverance and hard work, he prospered in this new land in an environment that was almost always
difficult and many times brutal.  And, since it could be said that his strength of body, will and spirit are
probably responsible for the fact that he survived that first winter, those are, also, the reasons I'm
here to talk about it.  You won't catch me casting any aspersions in his direction.  Matter of  fact, I've
taken a liking to my 8th g-grandfather.  And I hope it can be said that a little of his fighting spirit has
made its way down to me.

                                                                                 ~   ~   ~

                                                                 
Miscellaneous Doty Records

                                                    The Pilgrims & Adventurers:  Paying Tribute
         
                                "
Illustrations from The Romantic Story of the Pilgrims" - Published 1911

                                                          The Mayflower and Plimoth Plantation

                                                                        Early American Homes

                                                       My G-Grandfather's Attic - Home

                                                                                   Whispers

                                                                             Old New Orleans