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MY MAYFLOWER ANCESTOR:  EDWARD DOTY
"The Mayflower Departing Delftshaven" by Charles Lucy
The first duel in New England

  My 8-g-grandfather, Edward Doty, had the distinction of being a participant in the first duel ever fought in America.  Edward fought a duel in single combat, with sword and dagger, against  Edward Lister.  Both men were wounded, one in the hand, the other in the thigh.  Their punishment for this undignified behavior:  the two men were sentenced to be tied together for twenty-four hours, without food or drink.  But after an hour, "because of their great pains" they were released by the Governor Bradford.  And so it was that Edward, also, had the honor of being the recipient of the first pardon ever issued by the hand of a governor in America. 
   This wouldn't be Edward's last run-in with lawful authority.  When I'd finished reading about some of his encounters with the courts of New England, I wrote to a friend,   "Wouldn't you know it?  There was only
one troublemaker on The Mayflower, and he was my ancestor."  She wrote back, "I'm not a bit surprised.

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   Edward Doty came to America on
The Mayflower as a servant (some sources say "apprentice") of Stephen Hopkins.  His parents and birth date are not known.  However, we know that he was at least 20 on November 11, 1620, when he signed the Mayflower Compact.  In August, 1643, his name appeared on the list of men, ages 16-60, able to bear arms, so he wasn't born before 1583.  Most sources believe he was a young man at the time of the voyage to America, probably born not long before 1599.  The passenger lists indicates he was "of London" but it's not known if this was his place of birth.  Stephen Hopkins is believed to have married his second wife at Whitechapel, London.  It's likely, therefore, that Edward Doty was born in the vicinity of London. 
  
The Mayflower arrived at Cape Cod, November 11, 1620, and they first sought to find a suitable landing place.  The shallop they'd brought along for exploration being out of service, a few of the more hardy men volunteered to make an inland journey.  In all, sixteen went ashore and they were the first Englishmen ever to journey inland in New England.  Edward Doty was in this party.  They were gone several days and, by the time they returned to the ship, the shallop had been repaired.  On December 6th, ten men set out to explore by water and Edward Doty was, also, in that number.  It was on December 11th that they moored at Plymouth Rock.
   Edward Doty was married twice, but nothing is known of his first wife.  Since servants/apprentices were rarely married, it's assumed that his first marriage occurred after his arrival in America.  Gov. William Bradford wrote in 1651:  "But Edward Doty, by a second wife, hath 7 children and both he and they are living." 
   Over the years, Edward frequently appeared in court as a plaintiff or defendant.  Most of the lawsuits were civil disputes, but some were complaints against him for trespassing, assault and battery and breaking the peace.  He was said to have had something of a temper and was quick to stand up for himself against any perceived wrongs. 
   But, in 1624, Edward received his share of land allotment and, in 1627, in an allotment given to "heads of families and young men of prudence" Edward was, also, given a share, even though he was unmarried, which shows him to have gained the confidence of the governor.  The inventory of his estate at the time of his death was listed as a net value of over 130 pounds.  This was substantial for the time and showed that the one-time servant had achieved a greater-than-average level of prosperity during his lifetime.
   Edward Doty's descendants have been documented and detailed in many books, most notably, "Mayflower Families through Five Generations, Volume 11, Parts 1 & 2."  There are, also, many websites dealing with the Pilgrims and their descendants. 
                                                
                _____________________

My Doty Line:
  
Thurston CLARKE: b. 1574, Ipswich, Suffolk, England; d. 10 December 1661, Duxbury, Plymouth Co., MA; m.
        
Faith LOCS:  b. Ipswich, Suffolk, England; d. 1 June 1663, Duxbury, Plymouth Co., MA; child:  Faith Clarke
  
Edward Doty: Birth: Bet. 1597-1602, probably Suffolk, England; d. 23 August 1655, Plymouth, Plymouth Co.,
             MA; m. Faith Clarke: b. bet. 1618-1619, (On ship
Franci, Ma) Ipswich, Suffolk, England; d. 21 December
             1675, Marshfield, Plymouth Co., MA; Edward's children:
                 
    Samuel Doty
                       Edward Doty
                       John Doty
                       Thomas Doty
                       Desire Doty
                       Isaac Doty
                       Mary Doty
                       Joseph Doty
   Samuel Doty: b. bet. 1643-1644, Plymouth, Plymouth Co., MA; d. September 1715, Piscataway, Union Co., NJ;
             m. Jane Harmon:  b. abt. 1661, Saco, York Co., Maine; children:
                       Samuel Doty
                       Sarah Doty
                       Isaac Doty
                       Edward Doty
                     
James Doty
                       Jonathan Doty
                       Benjamin Doty
                       Elizabeth Doty
                       Joseph Doty
                       Daniel Doty
                       Margaret Doty
                       Nathaniel Doty

  
James Doty:  b. 17 September 1686, Piscataway, Union Co.; New Jersey; d. bef. 1745, New Providence, New
              Jersey; m.
Phebe Slater;  b. 28 July 1693, Piscataway, Union Co., New Jersey; children: 
                       Mary Doughty
                       Elizabeth Doughty
                       Esther Doughty
                       Edward Doughty
                       James Doughty
                       Benjamin Doughty
                     
Benajah Doughty
  
Benajah Doty:  b. abt. 1723, Piscataway, Union Co., New Jersey; d. bet. 22 October-15 November 1780,
               Onslow County, North Carolina; m.
Elizabeth FARR:  b. abt. 1725, Burke Co., Georgia; children:
                       Faber Doughty
                       Esther Doughty
                      
Nancy Doughty
               m. (2nd)
Elizabeth CHATWIN; children:
                        Lemuel
                        Benajah
                        James
   Nancy Doughty Warren: b. 15 May 1753, probably New Jersey; d. 1809, Laurens County, Georgia,
                 buried: Poplar Springs Cemetery; m.
Josiah WARREN, see Warren Family Page for details of
                 Nancy's family.   See
Josiah and Nancy's marriage bond.
  
Benajah Warren: b. 25 October 1782, Montgomery County, Georgia; d. 4 January 1835, Jefferson County,
                 Mississippi; buried: Warren Cemetery; m. Ferriba Stringer in Montgomery County, GA:  b. 7 May
                 1791, Montgomery County, Georgia; d. 16 August 1866, Jefferson County, Mississippi; buried: Warren
                 Cemetery;  (see
Warren Family Page and Garrett Family Page for details on Benajah's family and
                  descendants.)  

    
Abba Ann Warren Garrett, my g-g-grandmother
      
Josiah Garrett, my g-grandfather
        
Edgar Garrett, my grandfather
             Nancy Florelle Garrett Jackson, my mother
                  Nancy Lee Jackson Brister (me!)
                      James Michael Brister, Jr., my son
                           Sarah Elizabeth Brister, my granddaughter

                                                         
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  Edward may have been a little cantankerous, but he lived to see a large family grown and, through perseverance and hard work, he prospered in this new land in an environment that was almost always difficult and many times brutal.  And, since it could be said that his strength of body, will and spirit are probably responsible for the fact that he survived that first winter, those are, also, the reasons I'm here to talk about it.  You won't catch me casting any aspersions in his direction.  Matter of  fact, I've taken a liking to my 8th g-grandfather.  And I hope it can be said that a little of his fighting spirit has made its way down to me.

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Miscellaneous Doty Records

                                                     
The Pilgrims & Adventurers:  Paying Tribute
           
                                  "
Illustrations from The Romantic Story of the Pilgrims" - Published 1911

                                                           
The Mayflower and Plimoth Plantation

                                                                         
Early American Homes

                                                        
My G-Grandfather's Attic - Home

                                                                            
The Past Whispers

                                                                              
Old New Orleans