The Historic Roosevelt Hotel
    When The Grunewald was established in 1893, it was a six-story, 200-room hotel.  In 1908, it was expanded with a fourteen-story, 400-room annex.  It was, also, at this time that what is believed to be America's first nightclub was opened.  The subterranean supper club called "The Cave" came complete with waterfalls, stalagmites, stalactites and a line of chorus girls dancing to a Dixieland Jazz band.  It's said that Louis Grunewald was attempting to duplicate the environment of Kentucky's Mammoth Cave - with the help of 700,000 pounds of plaster and cement.  The Cave became a popular place for New Orleanians and visitors alike and remained open until 1930.  It was the forerunner to the famed Blue Room which opened in 1935.
   The Grunewald family ran the hotel until 1923, when it was sold and the name was changed to honor former President Theodore Roosevelt.  Eventually, it was purchased by Seymour Weiss, who managed it for over thirty years.  Weiss was a confidant of Gov. Huey Long and the governor regularly used the hotel as a home-away-from-home.
   The hotel was sold to the Fairmont group in 1965 and the name changed to The Fairmont, though most locals continued to call it The Roosevelt.
   The levee failures of 2005 caused extensive damage to the historic hotel and it remained closed for 4 years.  It was purchased in 2007 and has been restored - rather than just renovated - to the grand hotel of its luxurious past.  The restoration cost over $170 million dollars and, in 2009, it re-opened under its historic Roosevelt name.  It is now a jewel in the crown of Hilton's prestigious Waldorf-Astoria line.
   The city welcomed it back with the sort of celebration only New Orleans can muster.
   Each place, each building, each beloved landmark that has been returned to the city since the levee failures, is a joy and a balm for the heart of every New Orleanian.  And the re-opening of The Roosevelt was just such a joy.
Above, The Grunewald, 1895; photo at top of page, Grunewald's main dining room, 1911.
1920's card reads:  "The new Roosevelt
Hotel fronting Baronne Street near
Canal and extending to University Place.
  In the heart of New Orleans.  The
largest and finest hotel in the South.
It has been designed to meet the
demand for the highest type of hotel
service.  Under the personal
supervision of Author Benaglia, it
provides more than 1,200 strictly
first-class rooms, each with a bath."
Grunewald, 1911
Above & below, Grunewald lobby, 1908
The Cave
Card reads:  "The Roosevelt Hotel, the Pride of the South.  It is the home of the famous Blue Room, New Orleans' finest supper club.  A 100% air-conditioned hotel."  Date unknown.
The link to this page is:

The Roosevelt Hotel's Blue Room

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A view down Baronne Street, ca. 1946:  to the right, Roosevelt Hotel buildings; to the left, Jesuit Church; center, the old Sears store.
   The Roosevelt has not only had a long history, but a very colorful one, as well.  If you've ever read Arthur Hailey's novel, "Hotel," you may know more about The Roosevelt than you suspected, it was supposedly the inspiration for the best-selling novel.  Employees watched as Hailey took copious notes throughout the hotel and said they could easily identify many of the characters written about in the book.
   Scores of celebrities have stayed at the hotel, many while performing in the Blue Room.  My aunt worked for a time as a switchboard operator at the hotel years ago and came away with lots of interesting celebrity stories.
   Elvis Presley stayed at the hotel while making the movie "King Creole."  Above, he exits one of his trademark Cadillacs at The Roosevelt's entrance, 1958.
Many thanks to Jon Petersen, who shared the image above -- a
1921 Hotel Grunewald envelope.  Since the name was changed in
1923, I would doubt that many Grunewald envelopes survive today.
Grunewald lobby, early 1900's